Colonial Modernization of the Traditional City of Daegu
(Vol.48. No.3 Autumn, 2008 pp.77~103)
Kim Il-Su
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Modern urbanization in Daegu originated in the colonial period. In this paper, I chronologically reviewed how the traditional city of Daegu, which was surrounded by fortress walls until the end of the Great Han Empire era, was taken apart and redeveloped by the city during the colonial period, and also examined the resultant changes to the urban landscape, as well as the creation and development of a divided urban space. I summarize the main points of this study as follows. First, I traced the urbanization of Daegu from the end of Joseon to the early Japanese colonial period. Second, I pointed out that the urbanization of Daegu during the 1920s and 1930s was undertaken according to an urban planning project, even while hierarchy among ethnic groups within Daegu became more prominent and even structured. Finally, the Japanese-directed modernization of Daegu relied considerably on Japanese interest, which influenced the changes made to the landscape. This resulted in the thorough dismantling and destruction of traditional spaces and buildings. At the same time, differentiation among ethnic groups became greatly pronounced.
Keywords: Daegu Station, Daegu fortress, colonial city, urban redevelopment project, urban planning, Daegu Shinto Shrine, occupation of t
Types: Articles
Subject: History
About the author(s) Kim Il-Su works for the Presidential Committee for the Inspection of Collaboration with Japanese Imperialism (PCIC). He received his Ph.D. in Korean history from Sungkyunkwan University. His publications include Seo Sang-il-ui jeongchi gyeongje inyeom-gwa hwaldong (Political and Economic Ideas and Activities of Seo Sang-il). E-mail: