Evidence of Taekwondo’s Roots in Karate: An Analysis of the Technical Content of Early Taekwondo Literature
(Vol.54. No.2 Summer, 2014 pp.150~178)
Udo MOENIG , Sungkyun CHO , Taek-Yong KWAK
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abstract
The taekwondo establishment presents taekwondo as the descendent of ancient Korean martial arts. However, during the last two decades, some scholars have begun to question this presentation, contending instead that taekwondo is the product of Koreans who studied karate in Japan during the Japanese colonial years, and then introduced karate to Korea after coming home. A comprehensive survey of the existing Korean martial arts literature published between 1945 and 1970 strongly supports the argument that early “taekwondo” had in fact been Japanese karate, or more specifically, Funakoshi Gichin’s Shotokan karate. Therefore, the assertion that early taekwondo had its roots in Korean martial arts is difficult to sustain.
Keywords: taekwondo, karate, quanfa, gwan, Korean martial arts, literature review
 
Types: Articles
 
Subject: History
 
About the author(s)
Udo MOENIG, corresponding author, is Professor at the Department of Taekwondo, Youngsan University, Republic of Korea. E-mail: udomoenig@yahoo.com.


Sungkyun CHO is Professor at the Department of Taekwondo, Youngsan University, Republic of Korea. E-mail: beomhong@ysu.ac.kr.


Taek-Yong KWAK is the Head of the Department of Taekwondo Instructor Education at Yongin University, Republic of Korea. E-mail: laokwak@yongin.ac.kr.